A Question About Reading and Calculating Thermal Resistance of a Voltage Regulator From Its Datashee

You have calculated the power dissipated in the wind gauge - what you need to know is the power dissipated in the LM317. The wind vane will draw 1 mA, and you have 3 volts across the LM317, for a power dissipation of 3 mW due to the load. However, the LM317 requires a minimum load current of 5 mA for proper operation - the voltage-setting resistors are usually selected to draw that current.

With 1 mA for the wind gauge, and 5 mA for the LM317 operation, the LM317 will dissipate about 6 mW - no need for any heat sink at such a low power. You could use a TO-92 packaged LM317 without concern

I have this voltage regulator from this supplier and the exact model name is given as: "LM317T/NOPB".

I plan to use this circuit to power a windwane's potentiometer which is around 10k:

As you see I want to set the excitation voltage for the vane pot to around 9 or 10V where the opamp will be supplied directly from a 12V switch mode power supply. For this purpose I will use an LM317 to obtain 9 or 10V for the vane excitation. So I will set LM317 for 9 or 10V DC. I will mount the vane in a box around 50m height which will stay there at least 3 months.

Since I will use a linear voltage regulator I decided to find out whether I need a heatsink.

I have encountered two challenges which I put here as questions:

1-) In the datasheet when I check the thermal resistances I cannot figure out which model I should use:

Mine is T0-220, but in the datasheet there is two types namely as KCT and KCS. But my model is "LM317T/NOPB". And on it it is written "LM317T P". So should I use the thermal resistance for KCT or KCS?

2-) Here is how I calculate the T:

T JA * P

In my case:

P V^2 / R 10^2 / 10000 0.01W

But for junction to ambient temperature I used to use the following:

Junction to ambient Junction to case Case to Ambient

But in the datasheet there is no Case to Ambient but there is Junction to ambient. Does "junction to ambient" already include "case to ambient"? Should I in my case only use Junction to ambient? If so in my case T becomes like 4C, and I conclude I don't need heatsink. Do I calculate correct and does it matter the duration like three months when it comes to using heatsink?

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