5 Theatre Lighting Tips to Make Your School Production a Big Success

A lot goes into making a successful school production. From rehearsals to set-building, it takes everyone working together to awaken that theater magic. You may not hear anyone exclaiming over the "amazing stage lighting" after the show, but that doesn't mean good lighting isn't just as important as good acting.

Whether your school is performing a musical, drama, or comedy; a classic play or a contemporary one, here are five basic tips for those backstage renegades, the lighting crew, to follow: 1.) Learn your play. Even though the lighting crew won't be performing on stage, it's still important for everyone to be thoroughly familiar with the play.

Discussing how you interpret the action and dialogue in each scene helps decide what kind of lighting is needed to really bring the story to life for your audience. 2.) Know your equipment.

Before you start setting down a lighting plan, know what kind of lighting system your school has to work with. Get acquainted with each piece of equipment so you know everything that's possible with your system. Sometimes it's necessary to replace old equipment.

Other times you may want to do a special effect that is beyond your system's capabilities. Thinking of a creative alternative is one option, but you can always try talking with your director to see if buying new or extra equipment is in your school's budget. 3.

) Use Color to set the mood. Colored stage lighting dates back to Shakespearean times when light was filtered through red wine or brightly-hued silks. Later on, colored panels made of gelatin would become the method of choice.

The term "colored gels" or just "gels" is still used in modern theater today, even though filters are now made of more durable materials. Because the human psyche associates each color with a set of emotions and concepts, using colored lighting at key points in your play enhances the mood, or even foreshadows what's about to take place. Warm colors, such as red, orange, and yellow, relay energy.

Red is associated with passion, love, or anger. Cool colors, which include green, blue, and purple, have a more subdued effect. Blue in particular is very calming.

Colors also have connotations that are securely embedded in our minds, such as purple and royalty. 4.) Add patterns for an extra dimension to the set.

Gobos are attachments that turn solid lights into interesting patterns. They can be made from cut metal or colored glass. Not everything on your set needs to be represented by physical props.

Gobos can simulate grass, trees, flowered wallpaper, a starry sky, or even a stain-glass window. Instead of building these features into your sets, save time and money by using patterned lights. 5.

) Incorporate movement to produce special effects. Plays require audiences to use their imagination, but that doesn't mean you can't give them a little help now and then. Bring a scene to life with gently falling rain, swirling snow, or lazily drifting clouds.

Gobo rotators make such effects possible by allowing you to move light patterns across the set at various speeds and directions. Prism rotators are another great lighting tool to create multi-dimensional effects. They let you overlap images and various colors for greater depth.

Bouncing light off smoke created by fog machines is another great way to capture movement with your stage lighting. Some scripts include lighting cues, while others are completely open for interpretation. Don't be afraid to try new things and take risks with stage lighting , always bearing in mind the quality of proven techniques.

It takes everything and everyone working together to make your school production a show to remember. Center stage won't shine without hard work backstage. So when it's time for your motley lighting crew to do their thing, use these five tips to make opening night a dazzling event.

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Modern Stage Lighting: a Brief Guide
The advent of LED lighting has addressed the disadvantages that come with traditional tungsten or halogen lights. From low power consumption, safe running, low maintenance requirements to versatility, LED lights are the most ubiquitous means of lighting in recent times. For a number of convenient features and eco-friendly attributes, LED lights are no longer reserved for commercial applications; They are widely appropriated in diverse fields, such as aviation, automotive and medical applications. LED lighting, which has undergone several technological innovations over the last few years, has made a foray into stage lighting market. This guide will provide a crisp insight into the world of LED stage lights or theater lights.Cheap Stage Light 18PCS 18W RGBWA UV 6in1 LED PAR Can Disco DJ LightingLED lighting technology has witnessed some exciting developments over the last few years, and there is a broad spectrum of LED theater light variants available to consumers for spectacular stage decorations. Some of the commonly used types of stage lights include -• Par Can:Just like any conventional iridescent wash light, Par Can lights are designed with necessary lighting control facilities, with the LED technology facilitating in producing exquisite effects. These lights are high-capacity lights, and their effects are higher than the regular disco lights. Conveniently, Par Cans are available in three striking variants -Tri, Quad and Hex.• Profile fixtures:This quintessential stage lighting creates a giant pool of light, often serving the role of the spotlight. The size of the pool, much to users' convenience, can be adjusted to suit the stage requirements. Also, these LED stage lights come with personalized options, whereby you could change the setting to a pure white or multi-color option, depending on the stage demands. Many manufacturers design profile fixtures with 'gobos,' allowing to produce a design or pattern on the wall. The lighting control desk enables users to adjust the color and intensity of the light from a remote distance. Also, many profile fixtures have 'sound to light' features, helping the color and brightness to match the music.• PC Spots:Sharing some of the significant features of both a Par Can and a Profile fixture, PC Spots project a distinct band of lights, but with fewer defined edges. Most high-definition PC spots come with motorized remotes to enable users to zoom, adjust and control the beam of light.• Moving Heads:Moving Heads are a slightly modified version of Par Can fixtures, with the controlling desk accommodating a greater range of functions. Available in the market in both 'wash' and 'beam' options, moving heads come with pre-installed colors and patterns, which can be navigated in multiple directions. Many moving heads accommodate glass gobos for displaying a variety of theatrical effects.• Led Disco Floor Lights:LED floor lights are manufactured with 16.7 million color combinations for special lighting effects. Designed with a simple interface, these disco lights come with modular and portable solutions. Unlike some of the variants of stage lights, LED stage lights are competitively priced, offering a durable solution for special theatrical effects.LED lighting plays a significant role in setting the ambience for the performance, helping generate the necessary impact on the audience. Gather all the information that you about these expedient stage accessories, and prepare your audience for an immersive visual experience.Source from:html.·RELATED QUESTIONWhich software can I use to simulate stage lights?There is no simulator shown near 1.38 in the video, in fact there were no simulators featured in the whole video from what I could tell.I am assuming you are not 100% sure what a stage lighting simulator is. But here are the best and most popular ones:WYSIWYG (the Daddy, Win only) CAST SoftwareLightconverse (good realism, awful interface, Win only)LIGHTCONVERSE 3D SHOW PLATFORM main siteESP Vision (multiplatform, great realism)Welcome to ESP VisionCapture Sweden (good allrounder and multiplatform)CaptureRealizzer (new kid on the block, looking great, Win only)Realtime Lighting Visualizer - HomeMartin ShowDesigner MSD (Win only) Martin ShowDesigner - Lighthouse Holland B.V.there are others, but they are not really able to compete with the ones on this list.You will notice that Windows still gives you better performance due to more mature gaming/graphics frameworks many of these tools use and various other reasons.Controlling the lights is another subject. There are many options there and the choices would depend on many factors. Usually control systems control several elements of the show not only lights. Scale, budget, logistics will all influence the ultimate choice in control systems and design process.Some lighting console manufactures include free (and somewhat simplified) visualisers with their controllers as well. This might be something closer what you had in mind, but maybe not. ChamSys, MA Lighting and Avolites all have their own visualisers compatible with their own controllers (and are therefore more proprietary). Some are available free but ultimately not very usable unless you invest a lot of time and money into those tools.hope this helps somewhat.
Get Your Game on: This New Canaan Estate Features a Sports Barn
If it's luxury and fun you're looking for in a home, this $15 million estate in New Canaan, CT, is a slam dunk.With 19,844 square feet in the home, there's space aplenty. The home's original owner wanted room for his family -- and with a total of 34 children and grandchildren, he needed a lot of space. The main home contains 10 bedrooms, 10 full bathrooms, and four half-bathrooms.Outside, there's a gorgeous pool and cabana that houses one of the property's four (yes, four) full state-of-the-art kitchens equipped with Viking ranges."It's luxury you can't imagine," says listing agent Mark Pires.Located just five minutes from New Canaan town center and a train that can get you to New York City in an hour, this sprawling property is in a prime location. But the home retains a rural feel because it sits on over 6 acres and is surrounded by trees. "You feel like you're in the Adirondacks, even though you're close to the city," Pires says.But enough about the home's amazing location, luxury, and space. It's the sports barn that truly takes this home to another level.For starters, it houses a half-court professional basketball court with a 35-foot ceiling. There's an abundance of woodwork, including a spiral staircase.There's also a full-swing golf simulator, a duckpin bowling lane, and a theater room that can comfortably seat 30 people. Not to be missed either is a theater stage, complete with a quarter-million dollars in stage lighting -- perfect for hosting concerts or stage performances."It's truly one of a kind, the only personal sports and entertainment complex in New Canaan," Pires says.Upstairs, the sports barn features 16 bunk beds as well as a dance studio. To prepare food for hungry guests after strenuous sporting activity, another well-appointed kitchen is located right in the barn. There's also a stocked trout pond out back if any intrepid soul wants to catch dinner.The property's next phase involves clearing a few trees on the lot to open up a large soccer field and an area for a putting green.At $15 million, the home is basically "a steal," Pires says. Between the original builder and current owner (a Hong Kong businessman), more than $21 million has been poured into the property."Whatever you could imagine, they have done," Pires says. "They didn't worry about the cost."While the home would be amazing for any family, Pires says, it could also be purchased by a corporation to use for retreats, employee incentive reward trips, and more.As Pires put it, "There are so many possibilities."
Why Store Both JPEG and Raw?
I shoot JPEG RAW because my camera produces really good JPEG output. It has flexible control over tone curves, color, and contrast. I'm not usually interested in producing HDR-compressed images in fact, I often prefer a high contrast look which reduces dynamic range. If I get the exposure and other settings right, I really don't benefit much from RAW.If I make a mistake with white balance or am in a tricky situation, I have the RAW file to take advantage of. Most of the time, I develop that in-camera, using the built-in tools to do so, but in the cases where I'm not satisfied with that, I use RawTherapee. (My camera allows adjustment to the color of the LCD; it's not completely color profiled, but it's basically neutral, so I can trust my eye well enough.)I know that some cameras only allow highly compressed "Basic" JPEG in combination with RAW; mine lets me save JPEGs of any quality, and in fact, I usually use , only increasing to when the scene needs it or when the image appears particularly special. (See Is it worth using the Premium JPEG quality setting?)And, in fact, in the interest of keeping my lifetime data load sane, I only keep the RAW files for those particularly special images. I know this is verging on sacrilege against the conventional wisdom, but I haven't regretted it yet. If I had paying customers, I'd definitely archive it all, just in caseDSLRs often have the ability to store both a JPEG and a raw file.Given that the primary benefit of in-camera JPEG over raw is the smaller filesize, and that JPEGraw is going to store even more data than raw alone, it seems like you're just wasting space on your card and making your workflow more complicated if you store both.Why bother storing both JPEG and raw in camera, instead of just a raw file?·OTHER ANSWER:DSLRs often have the ability to store both a JPEG and a raw file.Given that the primary benefit of in-camera JPEG over raw is the smaller filesize, and that JPEGraw is going to store even more data than raw alone, it seems like you're just wasting space on your card and making your workflow more complicated if you store both.Why bother storing both JPEG and raw in camera, instead of just a raw file?
Rolling Loud Festival 2019 in the Mecca of HIP HOP NYC Pyro & Stage Lighting Production Was Amazing!
Crew Worker setting up & testing out stage lighting and stage smoke. Before Meek Mill set during Rolling Loud Festival in NYC. Photo captured by Jason turner of YSYM FILMSWu-Tang!! Stage lighting during Rolling Loud Festival 2019 in the Mecca of HIP HOP NYC. Photo captured by Jason Turner of YSYM FILMSRolling Loud Festival 2019 in the Mecca of HIP HOP, NYC. The Pyro Tech & Stage Lighting production for the festival was simply Amazing!Lil Pump!! Pyro and stage production during Rolling Loud Festival 2019 in the Mecca of HIP HOP NYC. Photo captured by Jason Turner of YSYM FILMSStage production during Rolling Loud Festival 2019 in the Mecca of HIP HOP NYC. Photo captured by Jason Turner of YSYM FILMSThe 2019 Rolling Loud Festival in New York City was epic! The touring show stopped in the Queens section of New York City. by the Mets, Citi Field stadium. Rolling Loud hosted its first music festival inside of the Mecca of HIP HOP !!What is Rolling Loud? Rolling Loud Festival is a 3-day music event, that started in Miami, FL. Some of the biggest names that have performed on the Rolling Loud stage includes the likes of Kendrick Lamar, J. Cole, Future, Lil Wayne, A$AP Rocky, Travis Scott, Young Thug, Post Malone, Migos, Kodak Black, Lil Uzi Vert, 21 Savage, Lil Yachty, Lil B, and many more.Matt Zingler, alongside co-founder Tariq Cherif, debuted Rolling Loud in February 2015 and has showed no signs of slowing down or getting any smaller. With goals of expanding their festival internationally to Japan, China and Europe. While they are currently hosting festivals in Miami, Northern California and Southern California. Rolling Loud, has become what is now currently, the largest Hip-Hop festival in the world!So what does the largest HIP HOP festival in the world need to create a memorable experience?Amazing, Live Stage Production!!Why is Live Stage Production so important to the whole scheme of things at any performance during a festival?When we say live stage production. We mean anything related to the production of the primary entertainment of a festival - the sound, lighting, staging, video, backline, equipment, power, and all related labor. These things are essential to creating a memorable and high quality show that is displayed to the masses in real time.One thing missing or lacking in quality from these 8 elements of the job, can cause instant problems.Poor sound qualityMissed momentsDelayed Video or Audioinadequate powerLive performance not stimulating visuallyEquipment not equipped for the sound systemLiability risk is higherEvery person working in their position has a part to play, to make sure they hold up their end of the bargain and help the overall wheel move without a hitch or problem. So this article will salute and highlight the Amazing work of the production crew that played a vital part at making all scheduled stage performances worth the price of admission.Lighting equipment used for most Stage shows or Live concert events.PAR Cans - parabolic aluminized reflector light is a sealed beam lamp (like a car headlight), and the housing (including the lamp, color gel, and any external hardware) is called a PAR Can has recently become less popular due to the advent of LED lighting that can accomplish virtually the same task with a fraction of the power consumption.LED Lighting - becoming more common as the available color spectrum, luminosity, and versatility of these new kinds of lights grow. Many artists are replacing their conventional PAR Cans with LED Cans to save on power needs as well as the added safety of not having blistering hot lamps (LEDs run cool).Moving / Intelligent lighting - virtually every mid to large scale stage production will have these kinds of lights, which offer a wide variety of attributes to refine movement, control iris size, change gobos, and mix in different colors and patterns. They often come with a fixture body wrapped in an automated, programmable yoke.Follow spots - also called spotlights, these are large lights that provide focus and/or highlight a performer or an area of the stage. For larger events, many artist will require anywhere from 2 to 8 follow spots to compliment their onstage lighting.Hazers and foggers - machines used to create atmospheric effects and to allow beams of light to be seen more intensely. They are either droplet generators or particulate generators, which disperse fine droplets of oil or a water mix to catch, reflect, or diffract any light that comes into contact with it.Most events utilize bil-jax or StageRight type decking as it they typically satisfy any permit needs and they are very versatile / reliable. Most stages are built in 4'x4′ or 4'x8′ increments, but 3'x6′ can also be used. Mobile stages are becoming more and more common due to better design and higher wind ratings as compared to TomCat / steel truss stages. But steel staging is still very popular and fits well in many event and festival applications.You will want to check with your local fire marshall / city officials and see what sort of wind rating your stage needs to have to meet all local laws - some are as high as 90 mph. Having a proper inclement weather plan is essential.Special EffectsPyro - short for pyrotechnics, this involves any sort of device or fixture that emits various kinds fireworks. These will almost always require fire marshalls on hand not only during the performance, but for any rehearsals as well. The pyro vendor will also need to provide you with all permits, personnel information, and fire safety information related to the devices they're using.Cryo - short for cryogentic, these effects create a burst of intense fog as a result of utilizing liquid carbon dioxide tanks.Confetti - often utilized in cannons, artists will often trigger the cannons to emit a burst of confetti at specific times during their performance. You'll want to make sure it's biodegradable confetti if possible and you'll want to make sure you plan for any extra cleanup that will result.Now imagine concerts nowadays in a time where fans have short attention spans, without the big production behind it. Would you still enjoy the show? Think of the money artist (Kanye West, Travis Scott) spend nowadays to have a unique and rememberable show just for their fans to enjoy.Overall, you see how much goes into planning and creating a show of this magnitude. The cost it takes to create a memorable and lasting experience for its fans that paid $300 plus for tickets. Rolling Loud has been one of the best festivals, I have been to so far. I would recommend going to Rolling Loud at least once in your life. The experience is just something that will change you. You will want to experience this style of festival, more than once. Truly worth the price of admission!All photos displayed have been captured by Jason Turner of YSYM FILMSArticle created by Jason TurnerRolling Loud websiteLink to see more photos from Rolling ·RELATED QUESTIONWhich software can I use to simulate stage lights?There is no simulator shown near 1.38 in the video, in fact there were no simulators featured in the whole video from what I could tell.I am assuming you are not 100% sure what a stage lighting simulator is. But here are the best and most popular ones:WYSIWYG (the Daddy, Win only) CAST SoftwareLightconverse (good realism, awful interface, Win only)LIGHTCONVERSE 3D SHOW PLATFORM main siteESP Vision (multiplatform, great realism)Welcome to ESP VisionCapture Sweden (good allrounder and multiplatform)CaptureRealizzer (new kid on the block, looking great, Win only)Realtime Lighting Visualizer - HomeMartin ShowDesigner MSD (Win only) Martin ShowDesigner - Lighthouse Holland B.V.there are others, but they are not really able to compete with the ones on this list.You will notice that Windows still gives you better performance due to more mature gaming/graphics frameworks many of these tools use and various other reasons.Controlling the lights is another subject. There are many options there and the choices would depend on many factors. Usually control systems control several elements of the show not only lights. Scale, budget, logistics will all influence the ultimate choice in control systems and design process.Some lighting console manufactures include free (and somewhat simplified) visualisers with their controllers as well. This might be something closer what you had in mind, but maybe not. ChamSys, MA Lighting and Avolites all have their own visualisers compatible with their own controllers (and are therefore more proprietary). Some are available free but ultimately not very usable unless you invest a lot of time and money into those tools.hope this helps somewhat.
How Is the Large Hadron Collider Paid for? (particle Physics Experiment)?
As there is already a submit explaining the justifications for development the LHC, i visit submit each and every of the justifications that everyone seems to be petrified of the LHC: micro black holes, strangelets, vacuum bubbles and magnetic monopoles. they are all theoretical and in quite some the diversities of the theories, those issues ought to reason devastating harm. working example, one thought predicts that strangelets would convert any count they arrive into touch with into strangelets, for that reason even in basic terms a million could convert the full earth into strangelets. human beings have been afraid a microscopic black hollow could consume the full Earth. The media picked up in this and, as they often do, blew all of it out of proportion to get human beings to confirm their pathetic columns. because of this, dissimilar panels of scientists carried out self reliant investigations and desperate that there is little to no danger that any of those a threat eventualities ought to take place. even although, that did not end the media, because of the fact a narrative approximately coming near near doom gets plenty extra interest than a narrative some national collaboration in technological know-how for the coolest of mankind• Related Questionswhat were the four difficulties in Darwin's theory of evolution?difficulties is a poor choice of words. Darwin devloped his theory long before we knew of DNA and the intricasies of molecular genetics, so many apparent problems were merely the result of insufficient ways to obtain the data ...Today modern evolutionary biology, genetics, molecular physics, geology, anthropology, paleontology, chemistry, and physics have provided extensive and CONVERGENT evidence FOR evolution..while creationists have the same evidence ( or lack thereof ) they have always had..faith and the Bible..neither of which provide convergent, critically assessed, replicated, experiment- obtained, modeled, EVIDENCE. The have an invisible dragon they want others to accept as real with NO evidence to support its existence...as Carl Sagan said ...."what is the difference between an invisible dragon and no dragon at all ? EVIDENCE. Faith may be a good thing to some people and they are free to express faith..however..faith is NOT science and can never be ethically debated as alternative "science " It meets none of the Frye and Daubert standards for scientific discourse, and has not progressed in "application" for centuries. As creationism requires the intervention of a supernatural entity/process it is no different than the other pseudosciences ( and junk sciences ) that include astrology, tarot card reading, palmistry, channeling, pyramid/crystal power, necromancy, homeopathy, metaphysics, alchemy, etc ,etc .------I am tinting my tail lights and i don't know what to do to get them glossy?people are actually not meant to have tails. organic determination potential that a definite trait is fashionable. Take darwins finches as an occasion. there have been many with short beaks and thy all competed for nutrition. there have been not many with longer thinner beaks who have been in a position to attain nutrition that others weren't in a position to attain. through fact those with the bigger beaks lived on and maximum others died off. Having an prolonged thinner beak confirmed up extra usually then not bcause slowly yet actually the genetic cod for short beaks in simple terms approximately went away thoroughly. through fact people who had the genetic trait had to combat over concern-free to attain nutrition. inspite of different species of poultry. So perhaps it grew to become much less puzzling to capture people with larger tails. So those without tails lived on. Or... yet another thought is that finally, people had little need for their tails, so after a whilst it in simple terms went away through fact it substitute into in simple terms extra effective weight to hold. or perhaps even till now people cut up off from different ape species. Its tail substitute into already long gone------Name the three stages of light reactions in photosynthesis?Let's see here... All stages of the light reaction take place between the thylakoid disc and the stroma of a plant cell's chloroplast. Photoexcitation: Protein Z breaks apart a water molecule, releasing electrons, hydrogen protons and oxygen atoms into the thylakoid lumen. The electrons travel through the two antenna complexes in the thylakoid membrane (photosystems I and II) and are excited from the ground state due to the absorption of photons, thus giving off the energy used to power chemiosmotic ATP synthesis. Chemiosmosis: This excess of hydrogen protons in the thylakoid lumen is very similar to the electrochemical gradient in the intermembrane space of a mitochondrion. The protons then diffuse out of the thylakoid lumen into the stroma via an ATP synthase complex in the thylakoid membrane, producing enough chemical potential energy to phosphorylate ADP, forming ATP (used later in the dark reactions to create 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate). Electron Transport Chain: After a photon strikes Photosystem II, the electrons become excited and pass through a series of redox reactions in the thylakoid membrane, including another antenna complex (Photosystem I). The electrons eventually reach the NADP reductase enzyme, which in turn reduces NADP^ to NADPH (also used later in the dark reactions to create glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate and subsequently, glucose).------Will upgrading my camera body improve my live music photography? duplicateFor lowlight capability, the DXOmark "Sports" index is, while certainly not perfect, a useful tool to compare camera bodies. The Index for the M100, btw, is 1272 ISO.In practice, this index can be very roughly read as "the nearest whole ISO step (1600 here) is the highest you can expect to yield photos that will, at common reproduction sizes, without any drastic postprocessing and with normal camera noise reduction settings, not look obviously and unpleasantly noisy."Higher dynamic range is better, given that stage lighting setups can bring punishing contrasts into play, and that working high-ISO already eats away at your actual dynamic range available.Higher burst speed (fps) is useful to have (and it seems that sometimes, APS-C cameras have the best speed/cost ratio here....).Be careful with the advice of using a super fast lens wide open - this might work as expected with very modern, very expensive lenses, while many older f1.2 or f1.4 lenses will exhibit a very strong "glow" wide open - stage lighting can turn this effect into a nicely scintillating/iridescent style, but also into a mush depending what the lighting setup is.Focusing performance is indeed very lens dependent, heavier/faster lenses might actually be slower here. Some opinions on live music photography recommend manual focus anyway.------How to avoid obvious triangle pattern when shading 2d quads?Answering my own question here, based partly on some hints given in the comments (thanks!), and partly figuring things out on my own...The eventual route I took was to scrap my modifications to the Allegro source, and instead render the lightmap using shaders.As a bit of background: I compute the lightmap for the entire world "offline" in a separate thread.In the render loop, I take just the visible area of the lightmap (plus an extra tile all around) and draw that to an Allegro memory bitmap.I can then provide that bitmap as a sampler to the shader that will draw the tiles.The trick is to realise that you can take the special al_pos vector from the vertex shader, that gives the screen position, transform it according to the offset and scale of the overall tile drawing and pass it through to the fragment shader, to be used as a texture coordinate of the lightmap sampler.Vertex shader:lightmap_offset and lightmap_scale are fed is as uniform vec2s on each frame.Now the fragment shader:This is very simple: just look up into the tile texture, and the lightmap sampler, and combine them.Or to think about it another way: I stretch the lightmap over the entire window (and then some). The scale and offset calculations simply work out exactly how it is positioned------Method of performing Panchopachr PjApplying gandha (Sandalwood paste) & hald (Turmeric) kumkum (Vermillion) to the DeityApply gandha to the Deity with the ring finger of the right hand. Then, offer hald-kumkum at the Deitys feet by taking a pinch of each between the thumb and ring finger of the right hand. First offer hald and then offer kumkum.Offering patr and flowers to the DeityWaving lit dhoop or lit incense-stick in front of the DeityDo not disperse smoke emitting from dhoop with the hands.After waving the dhoop, wave incense-sticks of a specific fragrance in front of the Deity, which attracts the respective Deitys Principle to a greater extent. For example, wave heena (A kind of herb) incense-sticks to Deity Shiva and rose incense-sticks to Shr Lakshm.Waving a lit lamp in front of the DeityA lit lamp should be waved clockwise in front of the Deity thrice, while simultaneously ringing the bell with the left hand.Points to be remembered when lighting a lampDo not use a lit lamp to light another lamp.An oil lamp should not be used to light a gheeChange the wick of the lamp placed in the temple at home daily.Offering Naivdya to a DeityDifferent acts to be performed after completion of the PjSource------What are two stages of photosynthesis called?Photosynthesis occurs in two stages. In the first stage, light-dependent reactions or photosynthetic reactions (also called the Light Reactions) capture the energy of light and use it to make high-energy molecules. During the second stage, the light-independent reactions (also called the Calvin-Benson Cycle, and formerly known as the Dark Reactions) use the high-energy molecules to capture and chemically reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) (also called carbon fixation) to make the precursors of carbohydrates, In the light reactions, one molecule of the pigment chlorophyll absorbs one photon and loses one electron. This electron is passed to a modified form of chlorophyll called pheophytin, which passes the electron to a quinone molecule, allowing the start of a flow of electrons down an electron transport chain that leads to the ultimate reduction of NADP to NADPH. In addition, this creates a proton gradient across the chloroplast membrane; its dissipation is used by ATP Synthase for the concomitant synthesis of ATP. The chlorophyll molecule regains the lost electron from a water molecule through a process called photolysis, which releases a dioxygen (O2) molecule. In the Light-independent or dark reactions the enzyme RuBisCO captures CO2 from the atmosphere and in a process that requires the newly formed NADPH, called the Calvin-Benson Cycle, releases three-carbon sugars, which are later combined to form sucrose and starch------How to share values between different shader programs?Absolutely, But not as simple as taking a return value of a normal function.First I assume your question isn't about sharing variables between two shader stages (vertex, fragment..etc) but actually between two shader (programs).Shaders are part of the rendering pipeline, every input/output should pass through the rendering pipeline and its memory is allocated on the GPU. Regardless of each APIs terminology, you need to write to an intermediate buffer and pass that buffer to the next shader program. A widely used technique is to render to a texture and pass the texture into the next shader. Most of the advanced effects are implemented using a variation of this technique most; notably all of the deferred renders use this to generate of what is called a G-Buffer that contains several info about the geometry in the scene (Position, Normals, Tangents) all those are output of the geometry pass of the deffered render and encoded in buffer. This G-Buffer is read by the deffered lighting stage, where all the values are read from the G-Buffer to perform what ever lighting calculations you need to perform. Other notable effects include reflections, where geometry is rendered for an offscreen buffer, and then assigned as texture with usually generated texCoords on the reflectors.
Top Stage Lighting Tips for You
Stage lighting can make or mar an event, depending on how you handle it. From stage illumination to channelising audience attention, it can do a lot for your show. So, you cannot afford to pay scant attention to lighting. You need to choose appropriate fixtures and place them in the right locations. You must also know the principles of focusing, controlling and dimming. Depending on your expertise with lighting, you may also consider employing professional stage lighting services.The basics are given below.Appropriate Fixtures Your choice of lighting fixtures (also known as lanterns and lights) should depend on the application. Basically, you have a choice of four fixture types: Wash, Beam, Spot and Flood. Wash, for example, generate a lot of natural light and are suitable for theatres.Adequate Power Supply Power requirements will depend a lot on your choice of lighting fixtures. Lighting fixtures can consume anything between 2.1 Amps and 8.3 Amps. So, you need to ensure that the venue has sufficient power supply. Also, given that multiple lanterns and lights may blow the fuse during the event, it is prudent to use multiple sockets.Proper Placement of Lighting Fixtures You have a number of light placement options available. You can hang lighting fixtures from aluminium bars with the help of hook clamps. Trussing is a popular placement method as it is stronger than aluminium bars and can also support multiple lanterns and lights. Trussing is especially popular with touring production houses. If the venue does not have the infrastructure for aluminium bars or Trussing, you can suspend lights from one or more stands. To ensure that the lights do not fall from the placement device, you can use a safety chain.Right Focus of Lights Lights, depending on their placements, can illuminate desired areas and create brilliant shadow effects. It all depends on what you want. Achieving the right focus, however, takes a lot of time and calculations. You may be required to try several permutations and combinations before you find the focus you want.Right Dimmer and Controller Dimming can impart a lot of creativity to stage illumination. You need to choose a dimmer depending on the ability of the dimmer channels to handle variable voltages. A good controller can properly regulate the supply of voltages to the dimmers.Dimming, controlling and focusing of stage lights are all intricate art forms. Unless you are an expert at stage lighting, hiring professional stage lighting services is a good option.
Purple Pain? This Collection of Prince Memorabilia Reveals Nothing Intimate About the Star Review
In 2007, Prince played a 21 night residency at the O2 Arena , turning the vast, impersonal Greenwich dome into a musical home from home. A year after his shocking and untimely death at the age of 57, the much loved multi-instrumental superstar is back in residence.Or, at least, that seems to be the idea.My Name Is Prince is an exhibition of items from his legendary Minneapolis estate, Paisley Park, a neatly laid out display of dozens of outlandish costumes and personalised instruments from across his career, set to a backdrop of Prince music and videos, with atmospheric stage lighting sweeping across purple walls and floors. There really is a lot of purple. Prince liked purple, apparently.That, unfortunately, is about the level of revelation you can expect. The outfits are flamboyant and fabulous, elaborately patterned, sequined and brocaded and certainly worth a peek. Stiffly arrayed on spot-lit platforms, sported by a small battalion of shop window dummies, they look like costumes from a science-fiction show set in an alternative future where the human race has shrunk.What is genuinely striking when you see all of Prince's stage clothes arranged together is how short he was. There is a whole cabinet of shiny, glittery, colourful boots, all sporting six inch high heels, which he wore to extend his natural 5'3". The smallness, though, is also bizarrely emphasised by the use of headless mannequins. It makes a rather sad visual metaphor for an exhibition that gives you everything but the man himself.Prince can be seen on multiple screens, playing and dancing in music videos, posing on posters and record covers, but these are all overly familiar images. There is very little on display that fans won't already be well acquainted with. It is certainly intriguing to gawp at the branded artefacts and admire his custom built leopard skin and curlicue shaped guitars, but there is almost nothing intimate or personal on display, no attempt to reveal the man behind the myth.Only one cabinet in the whole exhibition contains some notebooks of lyrics, with only a couple of pages facing up to be read. The slightly tatty contents stand in marked contrast to the polished slickness of everything else on display. There is an otherworldly frisson in contemplating the everyday banality of branded Office Max stationary covered in Prince's handwriting. His bold, purposeful penmanship, speckled with urgent capitals, offers a rare glimpse of an inner life, evidence of an actual human being at work, conjuring up the fantasy displayed all around us with just the power of his imagination.There is one room in the exhibition that made me deeply sad, offering up a sterile recreation of Paisley Park itself. The legendary building has all the charm of a business centre. Every room has been photographed empty, while an empty costume stands guard over his antiseptic empire. Was Prince really this isolated and lonely? It made me yearn for some evidence of Prince's other life, so deeply expressed in the wild adventures and emotional riches of his music.Assembled with the assistance of his surviving siblings and heirs, this is an exhibition that ignores Prince's religious conversion to Jehovah's Witness, turns a blind eye to his love and sex life, blurs over his complicated family history and all but erases every musician he ever played with.All that is left to display are the artefacts of his brand. It is a peak behind the scenes that just shows another artfully staged scene. The V&A's David Bowie Is and The Pink Floyd Exhibition: Their Mortal Remains exhibitions have showed what kind of creative synergy and enlightenment might be realised in an ambitiously and lovingly curated rock and roll exhibition.That is the kind of exhibition Prince deserves. Unfortunately, like the O2's Elvis exhibition in 2014 (sanctioned and curated by the Presley estate), this has zero interest in doing anything more than perpetuating a myth. Customers exit through the gift shop, where they can purchase Prince branded T-shirts, mugs and memorabilia but all it really memorialises is the exhibition itself. Prince has long since left the building.Until Jan 7; tickets:theo2.co.uk Telegraph Media Group Limited 2019 Need help?Visit our adblocking instructions page.
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He's half-a-century into Tamil theatre, but Chetta Ravi's enthusiasm hasn't diminished. The 56-year-old has performed onstage and has also worked behind-the-scenes. But what he is most well-known for is his expertise at stage lighting."I entered Tamil theatre when I was four. I began working with N.S Krishnan's troupe in Nagercoil," he recalls. His induction into the veteran actor's theatre group was partly due to his family background - while his mother was an actress, his father was Krishnan's bodyguard.Though a Muslim, he was given the name 'Ravi' by none other than M. G. Ramachandran," he says excitedly."When I was eight, I joined the Boys Company, and it was there that my boss told me that I had to learn something other than acting and make-up. So I did everything - carpentry, painting and even electrical work," he says. After his boss' death, Ravi moved to Chennai and joined Radha Ravi's troupe to gain experience in all aspects of theatre. Today, Chetta Ravi, as he is popularly known, has numerous awards to his credit, including those conferred by prestigious institutions such as the Krishna Gana Sabha and Mylapore Academy.But it's theatre lighting that is his forte. Having travelled extensively with veteran artiste Y. Gee Mahendra's troupe for over 30 years, he follows a particular routine - attend two or three rehearsals, get a feel of the story and the dialogues and sit with the director for further discussion. "The play I loved working on the most was Vadhavooran, put up by Shraddha," he says.He, however, is disappointed with the lack of innovation in Tamil theatre. "I've been to many places in India and abroad. and have seen people experimenting in various genres - why can't we do this in Tamil theatre? For instance, more attention needs to be paid to stage lighting which considerably enhances a play's appeal."Ravi's skilful use of halogen and spotlights has made him popular in the city's theatre circuit. "I'm hugely inspired by historical films and plays; there is so much scope for lighting in them," says this fan of Ben-Hur and The Ten Commandments. "I've worked a great deal in this particular genre, and my favourite is the play Krishna Leela, especially Krishna's Kalinga nritya scene."Chetta Ravi has one dream, and that is to train someone in this area of theatre. But he's yet to find that person. "Youngsters, these days, use theatre as a stepping stone to film and television," he feels.
Stage Lighting Accessories
Stage lighting accessoriesStage lighting accessories are components manufactured for conventional (non-automated) stage lighting instruments. Most conventional fixtures are designed to accept a number of different accessories designed to assist in the modification of the output. These accessories are intended to either provide relatively common functionality not originally provided in a fixture (such as beam shaping through barn doors), or to extend the versatility of a lighting instrument by introducing features. Other accessories have been designed to overcome limitations or difficulties some fixtures present in specific applications. All stage lighting accessories fall into one of three distinct categories: components installed inside the fixture, components affixed to the front of the fixture (in front of the lens), or components mounted elsewhere on the exterior of a fixture (to the side, top or bottom).— — — — — —Lighting the GravesIn 2018 local business man and Aldershot historian Keith Bean organised the first 'Lighting the Graves' service which involved putting a small light on the headstone of each of the 692 servicemen and women who had lost their lives during World War I and were buried in the military cemetery. On the evening of Remembrance Day (November 11) Bean assisted by local people including scout groups lit each of the graves. This was followed by a short service of remembrance at the cemetery's Cross of Sacrifice attended by hundreds of people. The event was repeated on Remembrance Day in 2019 and was attended by even larger crowds who gathered for the commemorative service and then walked around the dark cemetery lit only by the small lights on each grave. It is intended that the event in 2020 will include the graves of the 129 servicemen and women from World War II in commemoration of the 75th anniversary of the end of that war.— — — — — —Laurence Olivier Award for Best Lighting DesignThe Laurence Olivier Award for Best Lighting Design is an annual award presented by The Society of London Theatre in recognition of achievements in commercial British theatre. The awards were established as the Society of West End Theatre Awards in 1976, and, renamed in 1984 in honour of English actor Lord Olivier— — — — — —How do you make a normal bedroom into a really cool, catalog bedroom cheaply?i think the combination of black and red will give a very chic vibe to your room. good choice if you want your room to look cooler and suit for younger generations too. hang some nice paitings, those artistic ones to make your room look more classy too.. u can also change the lighting in your room— — — — — —U.S. lighting standardsThere are various codes and programs which attempt to characterize U.S. lighting standards. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Pub.L. 109-58) provided an energy-efficient commercial building tax reduction program for lighting systems that exceed code lighting. Based on estimates by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), lighting represents 40% of the electrical consumption in a commercial building, through the improvement of these systems the DOE believes this could be significantly decreased. The tax deduction includes a portion of installation costs. The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) provides lighting standards in ASHRAE 90.1-2004. EPAct of 2005 set a deadline for states to adopt the ASHRAE 90.1-2004 standards. ASHRAE has recently published the 90.1-2010 with improved lighting standards, this includes: Automatic shutoff control must be met for lighting alterations, including lamp and ballast retrofits when 10% of connected lighting load is replaced Automatic shutoff is no longer limited to buildings greater than 5,000sq.ft. Occupancy sensors are now required Parking garage lighting controls are now required Hotel/motel lighting control has expanded Stairwell lighting must now include a control device that reduces lighting power by 50% when unoccupied All building landscape lighting must be turned off on a schedule or with photosensor Advertising signage lighting must be reduced by 30% Lighting control devices and systems must be functionally tested (this includes occupancy sensors, time switches, programmable schedule controls and photosensors) Advanced lighting control is an effort made by ASHRAE 90.1-2010 to significantly reduce the energy used for lighting by commercial buildings. The U.S. Department of Energy is improving residential codes by 30% by 2012, in an effort to move to net zero energy homes by 2020. The International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) embodies the goals of the DOE, increasing efficiency by 15% since its 2006 predecessor. The 2009 IECC requires that 50% of all permanent lamps be high efficacy lighting. The 2009 IECC, chapter 2 defines high efficacy lamps as compact fluorescent lamps, T-8 or smaller diameter linear fluorescent lamps, or lamps with a minimum efficacy of: 60 lumens per watt for lamps > 40 watts, 50 lumens per watt for lamps > 15 watts and ≤ 40 watts, and 40 lumens per watt for lamps
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